What Is Traditional Knowledge PDF?

What are the characteristics of traditional knowledge?

TK refers to the knowledge resulting from intellectual activity in a traditional context, and includes know-how, practices, skills, and innovations.

It is not limited to any specific technical field, and may include agricultural, environmental, and medicinal knowledge, and knowledge associated with genetic resources..

Is traditional knowledge intellectual property?

Unlike other categories of intellectual property rights, India has no substantive act or law to protect traditional knowledge but other IP acts contain provisions with respect to traditional knowledge such as the Patents Act, 1970, Section 25 and Section 64, gives one of the grounds for revocation of a patent …

How many types of traditional knowledge are there?

Traditional knowledge can be found in a wide variety of contexts, including: agricultural, scientific, technical, ecological and medicinal knowledge as well as biodiversity-related knowledge.

What are the possible reasons to protect traditional knowledge?

On this basis there are five reasons why TK should be protected; these are: Equity, Conservation of biodiversity, preservation of traditional practices, prevention of biopiracy, and importance of TK in development. Equity TK generates value that is currently inadequately recognized and compensated.

What is the difference between indigenous knowledge and traditional knowledge?

The distinction between traditional knowledge and indigenous knowledge relates to the holders rather than the knowledge per se. Traditional knowledge is a broader category that includes indigenous knowledge as a type of traditional knowledge held by indigenous communities.

Why do we need indigenous knowledge?

Indigenous knowledge is the basis for local level decision-making in food security, human and animal health, education, NRM, and other vital economic and social activities.

What is the meaning of traditional knowledge?

Traditional knowledge refers to: knowledge or practices passed down from generation to generation that form part of the traditions or heritage of Indigenous communities. knowledge or practice for which Indigenous communities act as the guardians or custodians.

Why Traditional knowledge is important?

The transmission of traditional knowledge across generations is fundamental to protecting and promoting indigenous peoples’ cultures and identities and as well as the sustainability of livelihoods, resilience to human-made and natural disasters, and sustaining culturally appropriate economic development.

What is an example of traditional knowledge?

Traditional knowledge includes types of knowledge about traditional technologies of subsistence (e.g. tools and techniques for hunting or agriculture), midwifery, ethnobotany and ecological knowledge, traditional medicine, celestial navigation, craft skills, ethnoastronomy, climate, and others.